RCC101: Treating advanced RCC

Once the initial renal cell carcinoma (RCC) starts to spread, it becomes advanced RCC.1,2

To treat advanced RCC, guidelines recommend a number of treatments belonging to one of two drug classes: Targeted therapies or immunotherapies.1,2

Treatments for advanced RCC

Drugs (generic name)
Targeted therapies Inlyta (axitinib)
Avastin (bevacizumab)
Cabometyx (cabozantinib)
Afinitor (everolimus)
Lenvima (lenvatinib)
Votrient (pazopanib)
Nexvar (sorafenib)
Sutent (sunitinib)
Torisel (temsirolimus)
Immunotherapies High-dose IL-2 Opdivo (nivolumab)
Combination therapies Avastin + interferon-α2a Lenvima + Afinitor
 
 

Generally, internationally recognized guidelines recommend:

  • Surgery to remove as much tumour tissue as possible.1,2
  • If RCC relapses or if not all tumours can be removed, start on an appropriate targeted therapy, combination therapy, or high-dose IL-2.1,2
  • Should the first-line treatment fail, options are to enroll in a clinical trial, or treat with another targeted therapy, immunotherapy, or combination therapy.1,2

Treatments are often chosen based on the patient’s risk of progression.

To learn more:

What to expect?

Managing side effects

References: 1. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN guidelines: Kidney cancer version 3.2016. Available at: https://www.nccn.org. Accessed on August 11, 2016. 2. Escudier B, et al. Ann Oncol 2014;25(Suppl 3):iii49-iii56.

Last updated: September 17, 2016.
Photo adapted from original by Jeremy Brooks, used under license.

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