The prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) depends on how it was diagnosed. An early diagnosis carries a more favourable prognosis than RCC that’s diagnosed after it has become advanced.
Based on data from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), most patients are diagnosed with kidney cancer, primarily RCC, in the early stages when it’s still confined to the kidney.1
In kidney cancer, prognosis can sometimes be synonymous to “How long do I have to live?”. This is often measured as the proportion of patients surviving beyond 5 years.1
If detected early, RCC can generally be cured through surgery.2
For patients with metastatic RCC, prognosis is generally based on five factors, outlined in the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) score.
To learn more:
References: 1. National Cancer Institute. SEER stat fact sheets: kidney and renal pelvis cancer. Available at http://seer.cancer.gov. Accessed on August 22, 2016. 2. UpToDate. Prognostic factors in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Available at http://www.uptodate.com. Accessed on August 22, 2016.
Last updated: September 17, 2016.
Photo adapted from original by alsen, used under license.